/
/
What is the difference between an accountant and an auditor?

What is the difference between an accountant and an auditor?

Share on Facebook
Stymulus - Accounting and Bookkeeping Services in UK

An accountant and an auditor are two professionals who help manage company finances. Although their duties may overlap, there are distinct differences between them. In this article, you will discover a number of key aspects that will help you make a clear distinction between these two positions.

  1. Scope of Work: An accountant’s main job is to record and classify a company’s financial transactions, which means recording sales, purchases, revenues, and payments. They may also reconcile bank statements, manage payroll, and prepare invoices, to name a few tasks. The role of an accountant, on the other hand, is more comprehensive and involves interpreting and analyzing financial data. Accountants advise on financial matters, prepare financial reports, and draft business budgets.
  1. Education and credentials: To become an accountant, a high school diploma and some relevant experience may suffice. However, many bookkeepers also earn a certification, such as the Certified Bookkeeper (CB) title offered by the American Institute of Professional Bookkeepers. Bookkeepers typically hold a bachelor’s degree in accounting or a related field and may also hold advanced certifications such as Certified Public Accountant (CPA).
  1. Knowledge and Skills: Accountants must be proficient in the basic principles of accounting, including double-entry bookkeeping and the use of accounting software. They must be detail-oriented, organized, and able to work accurately with numerical data. Accountants must be familiar not only with accounting concepts, but also with tax laws, auditing principles, financial planning, and information systems. They must also have excellent analytical and communication skills to interpret and explain financial information to clients.
  2. Level of responsibility: Bookkeepers are responsible for the day-to-day record-keeping of a business and ensuring that financial transactions are accurate and up-to-date. Accountants, however, carry much more significant responsibility as they may create financial projections, provide tax planning strategies, and assist with financial decision-making. They are also responsible for ensuring that a business is adhering to current accounting regulations and tax laws.

In conclusion, both bookkeepers and accountants play a critical role in the financial management of businesses. While bookkeepers primarily focus on record-keeping, accountants provide a more comprehensive range of services, including strategic financial analysis and planning. Understanding the differences between bookkeepers and accountants can help you decide which professional to work with to meet your financial needs.

Recent Articles

A deeper dive into Companies House upcoming changes: an accountancy, yet human perspective

As Companies House embarks on a series of substantial reforms starting from 4 March 2024, the landscape for businesses, accountants, and financial consultants in the UK is set to evolve.

The new powers granted to Companies House to query information, alongside the institution of more rigorous checks on company names, registered office addresses, and lawful purpose statements, echo the principles of due diligence and accuracy paramount in accountancy.

For accountants, this equates to a more robust framework for financial reporting and compliance, ensuring that the foundational data entered into the corporate registry is as meticulously vetted as the figures within a set of financial statements.

These updates are not just administrative tweaks but significant enhancements aimed at elevating the integrity and accuracy of the corporate register – a fundamental resource akin to the financial statements that offer a snapshot of a company’s health.

Think of Companies House as the librarian of the corporate world, where every book (company) must be correctly cataloged and easily findable. With the introduction of

  • greater powers to query information,
  • stronger checks on company names, and
  • new rules for registered office addresses and lawful purpose statements
    Companies House is ensuring that every book on the shelf is not only accounted for, but also rightfully placed.

Confirmation statement changes: a new chapter in company compliance. Aim: enhanced due diligence and accuracy in reporting

From the 4th of March 2024, the process of filing confirmation statements will see a pivotal shift.

Imagine setting sail on a voyage: just as you must inform the harbour master of your intended destination and ensure your ship is seaworthy, so must companies now declare their course and legality to Companies House.

This is akin to the assertions made in the preparation of financial statements under GAAP or IFRS, where the preparers assert compliance with applicable standards and the fair presentation of financial information. It is essential to be aware of all these . In any accountancy firm and at Stymulus, as well, accountants will have a crucial role in ensuring these assertions are met, paralleling the responsibility companies will bear in confirming their operational legality to Companies House.

Adjustments in Companies House fees: investing in the future while reflecting on cost allocation

With the dawn of 1st of May 2024, Companies House will adjust its fees, reflecting the necessity to accommodate new future expenditures while ensuring the recovery of existing costs. It’s akin to a garden that requires both maintenance and new seeds; the fee adjustments ensure that the garden thrives, benefiting all who seek its shelter and beauty.

These adjustments are to reflect future expenditure and ensure the recovery of existing costs. In essence, it is an exercise in cost allocation – a fundamental concept in accountancy. At Stymulus, we put an emphasis on understanding these fee structures in order to adjust out 1-to-1 consultancy sessions – where the guidance we provide you with will take these changes into account, too.

Identity verification: the keystone of trust in order to strengthen the audit trail

In a move towards reinforcing trust and transparency, anyone involved in setting up, running, owning, or controlling a company in the UK will need to verify their identity. This is similar to proving one’s identity at the entrance of a secured building, enhancing safety and trust among all occupants.

This move enhances the audit trail, ensuring that financial transactions and decisions can be traced back to verified individuals, thus bolstering the reliability of financial information.

Revolutionizing account filing: embracing technological advancements

The transition to filing accounts exclusively via software, along with changes to small company accounts filing options, marks a significant leap towards digitalization. Imagine the shift from handwritten letters to emails; this change ensures efficiency and accessibility, bringing company filings into the 21st century.

More than that, it underscores the importance of accounting software in not only streamlining the preparation of financial statements but also in ensuring accuracy and compliance with regulatory requirements. Here at Stymulus, we are proud to say that we have already adapted at leveraging these technologies to maintain the integrity of the financial reporting process.

Safeguarding personal information: a cloak of invisibility


In an era where privacy is paramount, Companies House is empowering individuals with the ability to suppress personal information from historical documents and protect it from public view if there’s a risk of harm. This measure is akin to casting a protective spell, ensuring that one’s personal details are shielded from unwanted eyes.

The opportunity for individuals to suppress personal information from historical documents and protect it from public view underscores the increasing intersection between data privacy concerns and financial information management. Ourselves, as accountants, need to be vigilant in protecting client data, aligning with GDPR and other data protection regulations that govern the handling of personal and sensitive financial information.

Strengthening the framework: investigation, enforcement, and data sharing

With enhanced investigation, enforcement powers, and new abilities to share data with law enforcement and government departments, Companies House is fortifying its framework. This development can be likened to sediment and tighten the foundations of a building, ensuring it stands strong against the elements and time.

The upcoming changes at Companies House signify a momentous evolution, designed to foster a more transparent, trustworthy, and efficient corporate environment in the UK.
As everybody adapts to these transformations, we move towards a future where the corporate landscape is not only easier to navigate, but also safer and more accountable to all stakeholders involved.

Whether it’s

  • adapting to the enhanced requirements of Companies House,
  • filling in documents or signing up and completing digital accounts, or
  • safeguarding your personal and business information.

Keep in mind that, together, we can turn these challenges into opportunities for growth and success. Reach out now, and let’s embark on this journey to financial clarity and security together!

Stymulus - Accounting and Bookkeeping Services in UK

Navigating the world of freelance work: the essential guide to contracts for services

Welcome to the ever-evolving landscape of freelance and self-employment! As more individuals embrace the flexibility and autonomy of working independently, understanding the nuances of a “Contract for Services” becomes crucial. In this guide, we’ll demystify what these contracts are, how they differ from traditional employment contracts, and why they’re an indispensable tool for safeguarding your business interests.

In the UK, more people are working for themselves. Sometimes, when they finish a job, they don’t get paid or hear back from their clients. To avoid this, it’s good to have a clear agreement before starting work. This agreement is called a “contract for services”. It’s a promise between a business and someone who is self-employed.

A contract for services is different from a regular job contract. It’s like making a deal on what you’ll do for someone, not like being part of a company. These contracts are really important. They keep you safe from legal problems and show you’re serious about your work. It’s like a safety net, making sure you and your client understand each other.

More people are working in different ways now, like from home or cafes, thanks to technology. This change has made contracts for services even more necessary. In the “gig economy,” people do short-term jobs. This is becoming more common, so having a clear contract is crucial.

Agreement vs. Contract of services

The main differences between an agreement and a contract of services lie in their nature and specificity.

  • An agreement can be informal and cover any kind of understanding between parties, whether it’s written or verbal. It’s a broad term that includes many types of understandings and arrangements. A contract of services, on the other hand, is a formal, legally binding agreement specifically between an employer and an employee. It outlines the terms of employment, including duties, responsibilities, and compensation.
  • Contracts of services are more specific and detailed, typically used in employment situations to define the work relationship in detail. Agreements can be less detailed and cover a wider range of topics or arrangements, not necessarily limited to employment.
  • Contracts of services, being formal legal documents, are enforceable in a court of law. This means that if either party breaches the contract, the other party has legal grounds for recourse. General agreements, especially if they are informal or verbal, may not have the same level of enforceability unless they meet certain legal criteria to be considered a contract.

In summary, while all contracts of services are agreements, not all agreements are contracts of services. Contracts of services are specific types of agreements with a formal structure and legal enforceability, typically used in employment contexts.

What is a contract for services?

A contract for services is a legally binding agreement specifically tailored for the dynamic between a business and a self-employed individual. This contract is not to be confused with a ‘contract of services,’ which caters more to traditional employment setups. If you’re steering your own ship as a director of a limited company, an umbrella company affiliate, or a solo freelancer, this contract is your anchor.

The distinction from traditional employment contracts

Contrary to the ‘contract of services’ that binds an employee to a company for regular work, a
Contract for services is akin to a bespoke deal for a specific project or task. It outlines the exact
scope of work you’ll be doing for a client, stepping away from the broader commitments of a
conventional job contract. This setup fosters a business-to-business relationship, offering clarity and
specificity.

Rights and responsibilities in a contract for services

In the world of independent contracting, both the client and contractor have defined roles and
responsibilities. The contract should detail obligations such as maintaining the client’s best interests,
rectifying errors, providing regular updates, and ensuring confidentiality. Equally, it should cover the
client’s duty to provide a safe working environment and necessary tools. These terms ensure a
harmonious and professional relationship.

Why should you consider a contract for services as being essential?

Think of a contract for services as a safety blanket for your business. It’s not just about fulfilling legal
formalities; it’s a sign of your professionalism and commitment. This contract reassures your clients
and establishes a trustworthy relationship. Such a document isn’t just paperwork; it’s a protective
shield for your business. By clearly stating the terms of your work arrangement, it helps avoid
misunderstandings and legal entanglements. Whether your client is a long-time partner or a new
connection, a well-drafted contract sets a professional tone and demonstrates your commitment to
delivering quality work.

When to use a contract for services?

You might wonder when to extend this helping hand in the form of a contract. The answer is simple:
before any work begins, whether it’s a minor task or a major project, for a close friend or a new
client. A contract helps avoid miscommunications and ensures everyone’s on the same page.

Your contract, your shield: imagine your contract as a shield, protecting you from any unexpected
changes or demands. It’s your reference point, clarifying what’s been agreed upon, like the scope of
work, deadlines, and payment terms.

The key-moments to send a contract are when:

  • The work has a specific duration.
  • You’re being paid through invoices.
  • The project has a clear end date.
  • The task is well-defined.

While this isn’t an exhaustive list, it gives you an idea of when to bring this essential tool into play.

In the fast-paced world of freelance and contract work, a contract for services acts as your guiding
star. It ensures that both parties are on the same page, helping build a foundation of trust and
professionalism. Remember, whether you’re a seasoned freelancer or just starting, these contracts
are not just formalities; they are the backbone of successful, stress-free business relationships. Try
to always use a contract, no matter how small the job. It’s a caring way to protect yourself and make
sure everyone is happy with the work being done.

Stymulus - Accounting and Bookkeeping Services in UK

Important tax update for UK self-employed and high earners – are you prepared for the 2022/2023 tax year?

Attention UK-based professionals, especially those who are self-employed or have multiple income streams! It’s crucial to stay informed about the self-assessment tax return requirements for the 2022/2023 tax year. Here’s what you need to know:

Who needs to file a tax return?

  1. Self-employed individuals with an income over £1,000.
  2. Those with multiple income sources exceeding £1,000.
  3. Earnings of £10,000+ from savings, investments, shares, or dividends.
  4. If you claimed child benefit and your or your partner’s income exceeded £50,000.
  5. Income over £2,500 from property rental or other untaxed sources like tips or commissions.
  6. A taxable income over £100,000.
  7. Overseas income earners or UK residents with foreign income.
  8. Those needing to pay capital gains tax.
  9. Recipients of income from trusts.
  10. If your state pension exceeded your personal allowance and was your sole income source.
  11. If HMRC notified you of insufficient tax payments last year.
  12. If you filed a tax return for 2021/22 and need to do so again this year.

Additionally, even if you’re self-employed and earned less than £1,000, but wish to contribute to ‘class 2’ national insurance voluntarily, you’ll need to file a tax return.

Deadline alert

Ensure you submit your tax return by 31st January 2024 to avoid penalties.

📊 Why is this Important?

Filing your tax return accurately and on time is crucial. It helps you avoid unexpected fines, ensures you claim all eligible deductions, and maintains good standing with HMRC.

💡 Need assistance?

Navigating tax returns can be complex, especially for those juggling multiple income sources or dealing with international income. Professional guidance can save you time and money.

👥 Connect with us for a FREE CONSULTATION.

As an expert in UK finance and tax laws, our team at Stymulus is here to assist you through this process. Feel free to reach out for a free consultation to ensure your tax affairs are in order, and you’re making the most of your financial situation.

Let’s make this tax year stress-free and financially efficient!

Want to learn more?

Ready to Discover, Grow, and Succeed

Our accounting and bookkeeping services are like guiding lanterns through the intricate
financial labyrinth, illuminating a path to limitless possibilities.
Step into the future of your entrepreneurial dream with confidence. Take the first step towards financial success today—book a free consultation with us. Let’s bring your dreams to life!

Scan the code